London Bullion Market publishes what is in its vaults
For those who are curious about how much gold there is in the vaults beneath the streets of London, they have to wonder no longer. For the first time, the London Bullion Market Association (LBMA) published its data and the vaults held 7,449 t (8,211 st) of gold worth $298 billion and 32,078 t (35,360 st) of silver, worth $19 billion.
Reuters reported that these holdings underpin the world's largest gold trading center, with an average $18.1 billion in gold trades cleared per day in London in March, according to the LBMA.
LBMA reported the data thanks to pressure from regulators that were pushing for more transparency. The LBMA will publish data on a monthly basis.
Next year the LBMA also plans to start publishing trade data that will for the first time show the total daily market turnover of gold and silver in London.
“It is a commitment from what is ultimately an over-the-counter market to putting this data out,” said LBMA chief executive Ruth Crowell. “Gold has always been sensitive … but there’s no reason that we can’t bring transparency.”
London's gold trade is dominated by over-the-counter (OTC) business conducted bilaterally among networks of brokers, banks and traders who have been reluctant to reveal their activity.
Gold and silver is held in and around the city in vaults operated by the Bank of England, commercial banks HSBC, ICBC Standard Bank and JP Morgan, and secure logistics companies Brinks, G4S Cash Solutions , Malca-Amit and Loomis International, the LBMA said.
It said the metal held on March 31 equated to approximately 596,000 gold bars – enough if stacked on top of one another to reach two and a half times the height of Mount Everest – and 1,069,255 silver bars.
The data includes coins and metal bars, but not jewelery or private holdings outside the London clearing system.
The LBMA said gold holdings stood at 7,283 t (8,027 st) in July last year, when its data set begins, while silver holdings amounted to 29,593 t (32,620 st).
The Bank of England held 5,081 t (5,600 st) of gold in March, around 10-20 percent on behalf of commercial banks, said Joni Teves, a precious metals strategist at UBS.
Roughly a further 1,485 t (1,636 st) of gold in London vaults was probably for physically-backed exchange-traded funds, she said, leaving around 1,460-1,965 t (1,609 – 2,166 st) in unallocated and allocated accounts available for OTC trading activities.
The LBMA plans to publish holdings of platinum and palladium from a later date.