November 2000
Volume 52    Issue 11

Roof monitoring helps prevent injuries in stone mines

Mining Engineering , 2000, Vol. 52, No. 11, pp. 7-12
Iannacchione, A.T.; Prosser, L.J.; Grau, R.; Oyler, D.C.; Dolinar, D.R.; Marshall, T.E.; Compton, C.S.

From 1990 to 1996, 16 states reported 92 injuries from falls of roof, rib or face in the more than 90 underground stone mines in the United States (Fig. 1). Missouri, Pennsylvania and Kentucky accounted for 48% of the total number of injuries (Fig. 2). Of this total, 11 miners were killed. Of the 11 fatalities, 10, or 91%, were associated with unrecognized loose or failed rock within the roof beam. Additionally, unrecognized roof beam failures resulted in a majority of the falls of ground injuries occurring in underground US stone mines from 1990 to 1996.

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