January 2020
Volume 72    Issue 1

Techniques for assessing and mitigating longwall subsidence effects on highway bridges

Luo, Yi; Yang, Jian; Jiang, Hua

ABSTRACT:
Full-text paper: Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration, https://doi.org/10.1007/s42461-019-00111-w
Keywords: Longwall mining, Subsidence effects, Highway bridges, Assessment and mitigation techniques
 
Surface subsidence events induced by underground longwall coal-mining operations can cause various disturbances to surface structures, ranging from integrity and stability to functionality problems. Highway bridges, as a kind of special road construction that can only tolerate smaller movements and deformations than road pavements, are particularly susceptible to severe influence caused by subsidence-induced ground movements and deformations. However, based on accurate subsidence prediction and correct influence assessments, efficient and effective mitigation and remediation measures can be designed and implemented to ensure the continuous service of bridges, safety of travelers, and smooth mining operations. In this paper, based on the predicted final and dynamic surface movements and deformations, the techniques to assess subsidence influence on the integrity, stability and functionality of bridge structures (such as decks, beams and abutments) are presented. A number of mitigation measures to protect bridge structures are recommended, along with an actual application case.

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