October 2019
Volume 71    Issue 10

Toward open-source hardware and software for the mining Industry: Case study of a low-cost environmental monitoring system

Mardonova, Mokhinabonu; Choi, Yosoon


Full-text paper:
Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration (2019) 36:657–674, https://doi.org/10.1007/s42461-019-0093-3

Open-source technology to support Industry 4.0 has become the target of academic research in many sectors. This study reviews the trends of open-source technology, its forms, and some industrial applications. As a case study of the use of open-source hardware and software in the mining industry, this study proposed a low-cost environmental monitoring system for nonmetallic underground mines to support mine safety and occupational health. The system was developed using open-source hardware, Arduino and 3D printer, to design the monitoring device, and open-source software, MIT App Inventor, to develop an Android application for smartphones to enable remote communication with the system. Field experiments were conducted at an underground tunnel and a nonmetallic underground mining site to assess the performance of the system in mobile and static modes, respectively. Although a few limitations related to the precision of the low-cost dust and gas sensors exist, the findings of the experiments show that the mining industry can benefit from open-source technology deployment when considering cost factors.


Follow these easy steps if you are an SME member:
  • Go to www.smenet.org/login . Sign in with your email address and password.
  • Hover your mouse over “Publications and Resourcesâ€� in the top banner. Click on “Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration (MME) Journalâ€� in the pull-down menu.
  • Scroll down and click on the “Read the MME Journal Onlineâ€� button, which will take you to the Springer site as an SME member who is eligible for free access. (To see published papers on the Springer site, click on “Browse Volumes & Issuesâ€� in the blue banner.)
If you are not an SME member, go to https://www.springer.com/engineering/journal/42461 for paid access. Or join SME at www.smenet.org/join