December 2021
Volume 73    Issue 12

Measurement of thermal conductivity of sandstone using Lee’s apparatus: A case study

Pandey, Aditya; Kumar, Kattamuri Pavan; Sastry, Bhamidipati S.


Several laboratory methods are available to determine the thermal conductivity of rocks, but most of them are complex and cumbersome. The present study explains the working principle of Lee’s apparatus, which is relatively simple, easy to fabricate and use, and provides consistent results. In the present study, thermal conductivities of sandstone cores obtained from an Indian coal mine are determined using Lee’s apparatus. An approach is discussed to determine the temperature gradient of sandstone specimens while cooling and is used to calculate thermal conductivity. The thermal conductivities of different sandstone specimens have values between 2.37 and 2.59 Wm−1°C−1. For different sandstone cores obtained from the field, properties including specific gravity, specific heat capacity, thermal diffusivity and porosity, along with thermal conductivity, were determined and highlighted in this study.

Full-text paper:
Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration (2021) 38:1997–2003,


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