General Kinnematics
September 2021
Volume 73    Issue 9

Thermal transformation of oxide and hydroxide minerals in chromite and manganese ores

Samal, Sumant Kumar; Mohanty, Manoja Kumar; Mishra, Bhagiratha; Mishra, Subash Chandra


Steelmaking consumes the majority of chromium and manganese ferroalloys for purposes such as to impart various properties to steel. The quality of ore governs the process kinetics as well as the process economy of the ferroalloy industry. The present study demonstrates the thermal transformation behavior of chromite and manganese ores with varying compositions. Simultaneous thermal analysis (differential thermal analysis/thermogravimetry, DTA/TG) was conducted on these ore samples, where the transformation of mineral phases was correlated with the thermogram characteristics and quantified. Phase, microstructure and compositional analysis results of individual ores corroborated with thermal analysis are in good agreement. Chromite samples are ferruginous with goethite and gibbsite contents, whereas manganese ores vary in composition and also exhibit multiple and/or overlapping transformations.

Full-text paper:
Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration (2021) 38:1125–1134,


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