August 2021
Volume 73    Issue 8

Stability mechanism and control technology for fully mechanized caving mining of steeply inclined, extra-thick seams with variable angles

Wang, Hongwei; Wu, Yongping; Jiao, Jianqiang; Cao, Peipei


In the fully mechanized top caving mining of steeply inclined, extra-thick seams with variable angles, the mechanisms of roof rock movement, failure, caving and filling are highly complex. This is due to the varying angle of coal seam in different areas, which makes rock–equipment stability control challenging. In this paper, the surrounding rock deformation and failure mechanisms, bearing structure of the overburden, and working characteristics of the supports are elucidated. The principle and key technologies of rock–equipment stability control are presented and applied to control the overburden of the regional failure and realize safe and efficient mining of the working face.

Full-text paper:
Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration (2021) 38:1047–1057,


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