August 2021
Volume 73    Issue 8

A parametric study for the effect of dip on stone mine pillar stability using a simplified model geometry

Rashed, Gamal; Slaker, Brent; Sears, Morgan M.; Murphy, Michael M.


A parametric study was conducted using FLAC3D numerical models to examine the impact of oblique loading on the strength and yield pattern of a stone pillar using two simplified geometry types. In type-1 the side walls of the pillars were assumed to be perpendicular to the roof and the floor, while in type-2 the side walls were assumed to be vertical. These two geometries are frequently used to simplify/model the creation of pillars in dipping mines. Results from the numerical modeling indicate that dipping pillars have reduced strength compared to horizontal pillars, and they are at an elevated risk of failure. Also, an asymmetric failure propagation pattern could be obtained depending on the interaction between the pillar width/height (W/H) ratio, seam dip, in situ stresses and pillar geometry.

Full-text paper:
Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration (2021) 38:967–977,


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