February 2021
Volume 73    Issue 2

Development of a robust ultra-wideband module for underground positioning and collision avoidance

Kianfar, Amir Ehsan; Uth, Fabian; Baltes, Ralph; Clausen, Elisabeth


  Underground positioning and communication are essential technologies for the future of underground mining operations. In contrast to other positioning and communication technologies such as wireless local area network (WLAN) or radio frequency identification (RFID), ultra-wideband (UWB) radio technology provides significant benefits like accurate and robust positioning of mobile machine equipment, which is indispensable for future autonomous systems in underground mining processes, such as production, transportation and auxiliary operations. Among these technologies, UWB offers many advantages, including higher accuracy, robustness, resistance against noise and multipath effects, and low power consumption [1,2]. Underground automation and localization systems benefit from these advantages and use the technology to improve efficiency and safety. There are many studies being carried out on this technology to increase the results’ accuracy, energy sufficiency and more. Two robust UWB modules that were developed for underground positioning and collision avoidance with regard to human safety in underground mining operations are introduced. The measurement results of tests carried out in an underground mine are discussed as well to confirm the functionality of the system.


Full-text paper:
Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration (2020) 37:1821–1825, https://doi.org/10.1007/s42461-020-00279-6


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