January 2021
Volume 73    Issue 1

The making of Class C fly ash as high-strength precast construction material through geopolymerization

Zhang, Jinhong; Feng, Qingming

ABSTRACT:

This study investigates the application of fly ash as a high-strength, water-resistant precast construction material through geopolymerization. The experimental results show that working conditions such as water content, sodium hydroxide (NaOH) concentration, curing temperature and curing time significantly affect the mechanical properties of the geopolymer matrix. Through optimization, compressive strength above 100 MPa was achieved, and the optimum working conditions were found to be NaOH concentration of 10 M, water content of approximately 14 to 15 percent, and curing at 90 °C in an oven for one day or at ambient condition for three weeks. Water-soaking tests show that the geopolymerization product has high water resistance without losing noticeable compressive strength even after one month of soaking time. The findings provide a novel method to apply fly ash as a high-strength, water-resistant precast construction material.

 

Full-text paper:
Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration (2020) 37:1603–1616, https://doi.org/10.1007/s42461-020-00283-w

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