Global Witness, an international watchdog group at the forefront of the Kimberley Process, announced that it would be leaving the process that is backed by the United Nations. The group said the Kimberly Process is outdated and cited failures of the scheme to keep “blood diamonds” from entering the mainstream market.
In a statement, Global Witness said the Kimberley Process had refused to close flaws and loopholes and accused the diamond-producing governments running the scheme of showing little interest in reform.
It said customers buying diamond jewelery still could not be sure whether or not their gems had been used to finance armed violence and abuses.
"The scheme has failed three tests: it failed to deal with the trade in conflict diamonds from Côte d'Ivoire, was unwilling to take serious action in the face of blatant breaches of the rules over a number of years by Venezuela and has proved unwilling to stop diamonds fuelling corruption and violence in Zimbabwe," said Charmian Gooch, a director of Global Witness.“It has become an accomplice to diamond laundering - whereby dirty diamonds are mixed in with clean gems.”
The Kimberley Process was launched in January 2003 and named after a UN meeting in Kimberley, South Africa, the Kimberley Process program aims to trace the illicit trade of blood diamonds, with governments certifying that shipments of rough diamonds are not fueling wars or other violence.
The Kimberley Process earlier this year allowed Zimbabwe to begin exporting diamonds from its Marange region, where diamond fields were seized by security forces in 2008 and at least 200 artisanal miners were killed, according to human rights groups, Reuters reported.
That move has been criticized by watchdogs including HRW, Global Witness and others, and several groups walked out of Kimberley Process meeting in Kinshasa in June. Exports from Marange had been suspended since 2009, and campaigners have highlighted ongoing abuses and smuggling.
The Kimberley Process, a government-led rough diamond certification scheme, was launched in 2003 and requires member states to bring in control systems.
Global Witness, which campaigns against natural resource-related conflict, corruption and associated abuse, said it had written to the chair of the Kimberley Process to announce its withdrawal as an official observer.
The concept of "blood" or "conflict" diamonds was first highlighted by organisations like Global Witness and others in relation to countries including Sierra Leone and Liberia, where years of civil war and abuses were funded with gems.