ME home
 
  SME FaceBook SME Twitter SME LinkedIn RSS Feed

Subscriber or
SME Member Log On

WEB-ONLY CONTENT

Go to SME eNEWS

MINING INDUSTRY EVENTS

2017 George A. Fox Conference  - Conference
Jan 23, 2019
2019 SME Annual Conference & Expo  - Conference
Feb 24, 2019 - Feb 27, 2019
CMA 121st Nat'l Western Mining Conference  - Conference
Feb 24, 2019 - Feb 27, 2019
Fuutre of Mining Australia 2019  - Conference
Mar 25, 2019 - Mar 26, 2019

METAL PRICES


Au
Ag
Pt
Pd
Ni
Cu
Al
Pb

AGGREGATES
AND MINERALS
MARKETPLACE


http://aggregatesmineralsmarketplace.com
The Mining Engineering, SME and NSSGA
Online Buyers Directory Site
The Online Global Mining and Minerals Library Site
December 2018
Volume 70    Issue 12

High in situ stress and its effects on tunnel design: An update based on recent project experience from WestConnex tunnels

Mining Engineering, 2018, Vol. 70, No. 12, pp. 94-94
Tepavac, D.; Mok, P.; Oliveira, D.; Asche, H.; Sun, Y.; Simmonds, S.


PREVIEW:

The high virgin horizontal in situ stress field in the Sydney Basin and its impact on civil engineering projects is a well-known and accepted phenomenon found in significant literature (e.g., Pells, 2013). The prevailing high-stress effects depend on many factors — rock quality, tunnel orientation, proximity of geological features to tunnel crown, size and shape of opening, depth of excavation and stress magnitude. The behavior of the rock mass under high in situ stress conditions can cause stress fracturing and consequent dilation of the tunnel periphery, resulting in rock spalling at the tunnel crown/invert or raveling of rock blocks on the tunnel sidewall. This type of failure is of a brittle nature and may create construction and safety risks during tunnel excavation, if it occurs behind the excavation face where ground support has already been installed. Therefore, the associated risks need to be managed during construction. This paper presents the design strategy adopted to mitigate these adverse tunneling conditions for the WestConnex Project to-date. 



Please login to access this article.

OR

If you are not an SME member, you can join SME by clicking the button below.